Post-Reading. ASay the following in alternative words.

ASay the following in alternative words.

1) … impossible to avoid listening to it (music); 2) This idea is now being challenged; 3) … music can affect us … ; 4) … music can help us to relax … ; 5) … may provoke violent reactions … ; 6) It was just incredible … ; 7) … my feeling of anxiety … ; 8) I (un)clenched my hands … ; 9) Our patients come to us shattered … ; 10) … bring peace to both their body and mind … ; 11) … turns people’s morality upside down … ; 12) … it affects every cell of the body – to its detriment.

BFind in the text the equivalents for the following:

1) by chance; 2) very quickly; 3) change states of mind; 4) I don’t agree with; 5) unconvincing evidence; 6) can be categorized as;
7) This coordinates with your own experience; 8) popularity throughout the world; 9) become dependent on; 10) soon.

CGive the English for the following:

1) измерить кровяное давление; 2) приемный покой;
3) запломбировать зуб; 4) чувство беспокойства, страха; 5) в лечебных целях; 6) пациенты, находящиеся в больнице длительное время; 7) быть прикованным к больничной койке; 8) успокоительные и снотворные средства; 9) сильная боль в спине; 10) биение сердца.

DChoose the answer which you think fits best.

1) Researchers have found that people are ..................................... .

a) affected only by music they like

b) affected only by music the dislike

c) affected by music they both like and dislike

d) unaffected by music whether they like it or not

2) In the waiting room there was soft background music and

Dr Ryman ................................................................................. .

a) felt like going to sleep

b) felt completely relaxed and happy

c) was wondering what was going around

d) understood that the music was making him feel relaxed

3) According to Dr John Diamond the effect of music depends on .... .

a) a physical and emotional state of a person

b) the intention of the composer

c) the volume of the sound

d) the musical instrument used

4) The most healing effect of all is produced by ............................ .

a) rock music

b) Indian folk music

c) orchestra music

d) early classical music

5) In his research Dr Ryman has found that ................................... .

a) rock music is neither healing nor harmful

b) rock music acts like a drug

c) it affects every cell in the body

d) it develops the addiction of the body to the beat

E Discuss these questions:

1) What are the examples of a comforting effect of music on



patients?

2) What encouraged Dr Ryman to start his research?

3) How does Dr Diamond classify music according to its effect

on people?

4) What has the latest research of the effect of rock music shown?

5) Which conclusions of the researchers seem convincing to you

and which seem flimsy enough?

6) How are you affected by the kinds of music mentioned in the

interview: Bach, Indian music, harp music, rock music, early

classical music?

Text 4

Pre-Reading

A Discuss with other students your experience of taking exams.

1) What is the most difficult thing about getting ready for an exam? 2) Can you describe your mental and emotional state on the eve of an exam? 3) Do you know any tricks to pass an exam successfully? Have you ever used any of them?

BBefore reading the article, find out the meaning of the

following words:

pasty, alertness, dip, pep up, (in) sync, adverse(ly)

Reading

Read the article “Exam Fitness” and do the exercises that follow.


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